What is Child-Initiated Play and why is this important?
Child-initiated play is defined as play in which children direct the activities. It, like Free Play in the Early Years, allows children to choose what they play with, as well as how and when they play. It is frequently used in nurseries and early childhood education classes where children can help themselves to communal toys. Continual provisions that are relevant to skills and topics are frequently provided in an early-years setting. Practitioners can modify and update these to reflect children's interests or to encourage them to investigate relevant topics.
Adults are welcome to participate in child-initiated activities, but are encouraged to follow the children's lead. The child should direct their own play, selecting which activities and toys they find appealing. Many aspects of the Different Types of Play in Early Years can be used, providing a variety of provisions so that children can choose the play that most interests them.
Child-initiated play is critical to children's learning and development. Children investigate and learn from their own ideas and thoughts. It allows children to be very creative with what they do and to drive their own exploration. Play is an innate behaviour in that most children do not need to be forced or bribed to engage in it. Rather, they appear to have a natural desire to play, and the pleasure they derive from it is its own reward.
There is a lot to be said for child-led play in the early years and beyond. These are applicable to various stages of development and can also be applied to the EYFS Areas of Learning, which serve as the framework's foundation.
Emotional development — Through child-initiated play, children gain the ability to make their own decisions. Giving children this space teaches them that their own ideas are valuable, validating their choices. Because child-led play can include activities such as role play, children can explore specific ideas and emotions that are relevant to them at the time. It's ideal for allowing them to process their emotions in their own way in a safe environment.
Independence — It provides children with a level of independence that adult-led play does not provide. They can learn to make their own decisions and discover what they can do with their newfound freedom. They not only learn that their opinion matters, but they also practise making decisions within reasonable boundaries.
Creativity — When children are left to their own devices, they have the opportunity to demonstrate their creativity. They can express themselves and their ideas by playing freely and with things that excite them.
Concentration — When children pursue their own interests, they can concentrate for longer periods of time. They can participate in educational activities such as making models or using building blocks. However, because child-initiated play allows them to fully explore these ideas, they can maintain their focus on one task and fully explore it. This is a skill they will carry with them throughout their educational journey and into adulthood.
Social skills — Without adult input or intervention, child-initiated play teaches children to share and cooperate. They must collaborate to drive their activities, contributing ideas and opinions. Furthermore, they can form strong friendship bonds based on their shared interests.
There are some drawbacks and limitations to child-initiated play-
Limited development — When children are directing themselves, they become engrossed in their preferences. As a result, when it comes to child-initiated play, they may not always push themselves to use new toys or try new things. Children may avoid working on tasks that they find difficult or confusing, particularly in literacy and math. This is more of a risk if the toy selection is limited.